Planning and preparing for a cyber security attack is a reality in today’s business world. Both public and private organizations must spend time assessing risk, mitigating risk, and effectively responding to actual threats. IT departments and staff not only have to learn cyber security management, but must also be ready to implement mitigation strategies on a moment’s notice. While formulating a response and mitigation plan is typically the responsibility of a chief information technology officer or technology director, all IT staff should keep certain planning tools in mind.

Components and Stages of Cyber Security Management Planning

The four stages of cyber security management planning include preparing, identifying, remediation, and post-incident activity. The planning stage involves designing a thoughtful plan that staff can implement when a cyber security incident occurs. Identifying involves detecting and analyzing a cyber security incident. During the remediation stage, staff members spend their time ensuring the security breach is stopped, cleaned up, and the identified vulnerability is eradicated. The post-incident activity stage involves analyzing what happened and why, as well as taking steps to ensure the incident does not happen again.

Cyber Security Management Skills

Managing cyber security requires a certain skill set. Both technical and soft skills are necessary to successfully execute a cyber security management plan. One has to be knowledgeable about current best practices, industry standards, and legal requirements. A skilled professional must also be able to accurately assess cyber security risks, possess management and supervisory skills, and be able to think and plan from a strategic perspective. Conflict management and political savvy are crucial to the successful execution of an organization’s cyber security plan, as well as solid communication and presentation skills.

Responding to and preparing for cyber security incidents means organizations should embrace a cyber security life cycle involving several micro-components. The cycle involves thorough preparation and formulating a defense strategy, responding to actual incidents, analyzing actual incidents, and strengthening the organization’s planning based on the analysis of actual incidents. By learning and mastering the various stages of cyber security management, IT departments and staff can be better equipped to respond to actual incidents.