Hydroponics is the method of producing food without using soil. You should know what is required to start an hydroponic system. The following are the things you should do to start an hydroponic system.
First, you will need a reservoir which will be holding the water that the plants will use. The nutrients which the plants will require for their growth will as well be contained in the reservoir. You can go for a small reservoir if you don’t have money, or a big one if there is money. It is advisable to find a reservoir that has a lid to close it. The lid plays a role of preventing evaporation of water which may lead to an imbalance. This imbalance will have an effect in the overall growth of the plants. Due to the ability of chemicals and water reacting with metals, you should not purchase a metallic reservoir.
A reliable water pump is also necessary in the hydroponic system. A reliable water pump is what you need to ensure that water and nutrients that are necessary for the plants. You need to either choose to install submersible or non-submersible water pumps. While submersible water pumps need to be installed within the solution containing nutrients, non-submersible water pumps can only be used outside the nutrient solutions. You also need to look at the output of the pipes in terms of gallons per hour, because there are other classifications based on this. If your set up is small, you can get a smaller and cheaper water pipe which can still serve the purpose. All functions within the hydroponic system require to be regulated using a timer. Watering, lighting, and ventilation are some of the crucial functions which will require a timer to be regulated. You can either choose an analogous timer which is cheaper, or an advanced expensive digital timer depending on your finances.
Your plants will require an artificial source of energy, which will be used in place of sunlight. Fluorescent lights may be used to replace natural light, but they don’t produce the required light intensities. You can get metal halide lights because they mimic natural light to the closest extent. The vegetative growth of your plants will be enhanced because the lights produce high spectrums of blue light. You may also decide to use high pressure sodium bulbs which use lesser energy and last longer. You should, however, know that these lights produce a spectrum that is narrower compared to metal halide lights. Since there is no soil required in hydroponics, you need to get a growth medium for your plants. Whereas the medium needs to provide anchorage, it should also be able to allow for drainage and air exchange.